No. All upholstered products, both commercial and residential, are TB 117-2013 compliant without the use of flame retardants. For more information on TB 117-2013, please see below.
To have a better understanding of TB 117-2013, it helps to know its origins. Technical Bulletin 117 (TB 117) is a California law, and was first signed into effect in 1975. It is a fire safety regulation that focuses on the padding and upholstery of children's products and select indoor residential furniture. For Cosco Home and Office products, this would include any folding tables, chairs or step stool chairs with foam padding. In order to be compliant, the padding within these products needed to resist an open flame for 12 seconds without igniting. Although the law did not mandate the use of flame retardants, it was difficult to pass without chemicals, and that trend continued until the law was updated in 2013.
Flame retardants are either halogenated or phosphate based, and can be broken down into categories based on composition (bromine, chlorine, phosphorus, nitrogen, metals or boron). There are hundreds of chemicals used for this purpose, but all release toxic chemicals into the air when burned. This realization became evident when it was noted that the leading cause of death among firefighters was cancer; these toxins bioaccumulate, or build up in people and animals over time, and there are a plethora of health risks that are associated with them. In 2013, California amended TB 117, removing the flame test and replacing it with a smolder test (TB 117-2013). This made the test easier to pass and more accurately simulating the effects of a cigarette or other fire starter on fabric. Some manufacturers accomplish this with a fire barrier layer between the foam and outer cover, or the use of non-toxic flame retardant fabrics, but our products are able to compliant without such a barrier.